Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease- Can you tell the difference?

Firstly, to clarify any confusion, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease aren’t the same, even though they are used interchangeably.  Alzheimer’s is a disease that causes dementia.

What is dementia?

  • It’s an impairement of a persons memory and thinking
  • It can stop them carrying out things they used to be able to do
  • It is a symptom
  • It’s caused by something like Alzheimer’s for example
  • “Dementia simply means the symptom of a deterioration of intellectual abilities resulting from an unspecified disease or disorder of the brain.”

What is Alzheimer’s?

  • It’s one of the diseases that causes dementia,
  • It’s the most common form of dementia
  • It’s a disease that affects the brain (brain disease) and it is progressive
  • It affects thinking, memory and behaviours become so severe that work life and social life is affected
  • Alzheimer’s damages the brain cells and eventually brain cells are destroyed
  • It gets worse over time
  • It is fatal
  • There is no cure yet
  • Common in older people

Alzheimer’s is a disease and dementia is a symptom of Alzheimer’s


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