Broccoli helps to prevent cancer

A compound found in broccoli (sulforaphane) has been found to be able to prevent cancer or slow down it’s development.  


The broccoli appears to switch on genes that help to prevent cancer while also switching off gens that causes the cancer to spread. It is believed that the many genetic changes that lessen thew risk of prostate cancer in particular. Cancer itself is deemed to be mostly caused by the diets of those affected with preventing cancer being easier than actually curing the cancer once it develops. With broccoli being the most beneficial it is also thought that other cruciferous vegetables such as cauliflower could also contain mechanisms to help prevent cancer.

They are able to do this by disrupting the cancer cells from forming colonies, lncRNAs are believed to play a part in the development of cancer, by being able to regulate gene expression. When they become dysregulated can be thew fuelling force for disease. The sulforaphane in broccoli is linked to being able to prevent this which then reduces the risk of a person developing cancer. This understanding is important not only in the prevention of cancer but also the treating, due to a better understanding of the cause in the first place.

There are many conflicting studies as to how much broccoli and cruciferous vegetables to consume to gain the best prevention of cancer. with some studies saying that one portion a week enough while others state that having half a portion a day is more beneficial. However with this said broccoli definitely does help to prevent cancer so it is a must in peoples weakly diet. Preventing cancer in this way is easy and means that less would actually develop the disease in the first place.

Thanks for reading George!


Social Media Causes Sense Of Isolation

Social media allows us all to communicate with anyone though out the world and allows instant messaging to friends and family so but it turns out that the use of social media increases the likelihood of feeling isolated.  


A study in 2014 based on multiple social networking sites such as Facebook, Snap Chat and twitter. Over 1500 people ages between 19 and 32 were used for the research with the participants having to declare the frequency and time which they spent on social media by filling out questionnaires. They also used a Patient report outcomes measurement system to assess the physical and mental health of participants. The study showed that people who used a social media platform over 2 hours a day are twice as likely to feel socially isolated than those who only used it for half and hour a day. This along with the fact that participants who visited social media 58 times a week were three times as likely to experience social isolation than those who went on nine times a week.

This information therefore concludes that the more a person uses social media then the more likely they are to feel isolated. Which considering that these networks allow a much more immediate and widespread communication span are actually detrimental to the social condition of the person. There are many theories why this is, one such is that people spending time on social media are doing so at the expense of other activities such as sports or clubs that would enable them to communicate face to face with other people. With the online communication not being as socially beneficial as actual conversations with people. Another theory is due to the nature of social media, everyone puts up posts of how well there life is going and glamorizes there lives. This can have a negative affect on a persons mental health as if already feeling down then looking social media will make some feel jealous due to other peoples supposably stress free lives.


The factor that I think affects the feeling of isolation the most is the exclusion factor. This is when a person doesn’t attend a social event and then the next day or the same night there are pictures on social media that portray the night to be very enjoyable. This can make anyone feel left out even if they were busy for that particular occasion but enhanced when this happens behind there back without an invitation. This is enough to make someone feel cast off, forgotten or unimportant by the group. This therefore leads the sense of being alone when before social media the person may have never even found out.

Social isolation is a growing health concern due to its association with high risk of mortality. With the increasing usage of social networks there is a potential for many more cases of the feeling of social isolation leading to premature deaths. The healthier someone is in the mind then the better they can function both physically and mentally. This makes it crucial to address this growing issue for the future health of the public especially due the the continuation of technology being an ever increasing part of all our lives.

How much do any of you use social media in a week please comment below.

Thanks for reading


Sickle cell disease gene therapy

A teenager in France has had his sickle cell disease reversed due to treatment changing his DNA.


Sickle cell disease is a condition that affect the shape of  red blood cells so that they are unable to carry out there function of transporting oxygen throughout the body as well. The cells are normally round in shape but the condition makes them rod shaped. This is caused by a inherited faulty gene that affects the development of the red blood cells. Not only can the cells not transport as much oxygen but they also have a chance to block up blood vessels that in extreme cases can lead to a stroke or lung problems.

Some people don’t have the disease but are carriers so contain the potential for the children to have the condition rather than themselves. This can have implications wheather to have children as they could be a carrier of the condition or actually have it themselves which could have a impact on there quality of life. This makes it important for suffers to have there partners checked so a decision can be reached.

To combat this there a variety of treatments that are available depending on the severity of the disease and the individual. This can be due to regular painkillers such as ibuprofen and paracetamol or in some cases stronger in a hospital. Antibiotics can be used to counteract the higher risk of infection from the disease as well as ensuring that a person is fully vaccinated. A medicine called hydroxycarbamide can be used to reduce symptoms. Regular blood transfusions is used in extreme cases where the condition gets worse or when it damages parts of the body.

A newly explored treatment involves changing the genetic instructions in bone marrow, the part in bones that makes red blood cells, to rectify the coding error to make healthy red blood cells. A teenager in France has had this treatment done by using a virus to infect the bone marrow with the correct coding for them. The person used to have to go in for blood transfusions every month to dilute his blood but now 15 mouths after treatment they aren’t on any medication and appear to be completely rid of the disease. This example shows how gene therapy can give someone there lives back and can potentially improve the quality of lives for millions of people. The treatment needs to be tested on more people to see if it is viable as a mainstream treatment. The treatment can only be given in state of the art hospitals and laboratories so it will still be a while before it is widely accessible particularly due to the majority of suffers being in Africa. Even so this shows potential to play a massive role in treating sickle cell disease.

I hope you enjoyed reading if you have anything to add then please comment or any suggestions in general for my site.

Thanks for reading


National Cross Country

On the 25th of February I competed in the National cross country championships at Wollaton Park in Nottingham.


I went on a trip from the island to be able to compete in this competition as I have done for other events and previous years. The national cross country is one which I have attended for the last 6 years and have enjoyed each one with varying degrees of success. As you can probably tell by my placing this time I am certainly not anything special when it comes to running but do it for the fun. I like going out for runs and completing tough training sessions for the self satisfaction that it brings as well as to keep me healthy. It is also a great way to relive stress as well as any other negative emotions. Just being able to forget about everything going on and instead focus on the run, letting the brain have a rest from school work.


By running I have been able to meet lots of different people that all share the same interest as I do. It has therefore been a way of learning how to communicate with others to create new friends and share everyones different experiences. When I do sessions I do them with a group, I find this helpful as it means that I work harder than I would do without them. The feeling of people around subconsciously makes me try harder and also ensures that I attend sessions even when the weather is horrid or when I have no motivation. We all keep each other going in the toughest of sessions then also cheer each other in races to provide constant support to others in the group. So although running is sometimes seen as a solitary sport in reality there are communities created though the sport weather that being groups of runners or the whole club from coaches to officials.


In the future running will remain a way in which I can combat stress weather that be in the workplace or in my personal life, the sport will remain a large part of my life as I continue to train and hopefully improve.

Thanks for reading is anyone else out there a runner if so then what competitions have you competed in or what is your discipline.


P.S Im number 2257 in the red if your wondering


Everyone has sneezed and everyone will continue to sneeze it is one of the most common signs of a person with a cold or flu as well as a way in which diseases can be spread from person to person.


Why do we sneeze

Sneezing is a involuntary act that takes place due to irritation in the nose. This irritation can be caused by different stimulus for different people with the most common being pollen, perfume, smoke and any allergic substance. The nose senses that there is something within so will try go get it out with a large exhalation of air with the hope that the irritant will leave the body or get stuck in the mucus. The nose therefore goes back to its original condition and can function as normal. A sneeze is a reflex reaction that caused a violent reaction in the neck, chest, diaphragm and abdomen which all causes a blast of air leaving the nose. Inevitably saliva and mucus droplets will be forced out of the nose and can then spread the disease to another person.


With new research it has been revealed that the distance that a sneeze can travel has been servery underestimated. Having only thought that it could travel a distance of one meter in actuality a sneeze can travel over 8 meters which means that the chance of catching something off someone else is servery increased. This distance is due to smaller evaporating droplets creating a cloud which then stay suspended for minutes. If on the reciving end of a sneeze then unfortunately there is no way of being able to get away or cover your mouth if a mask hasn’t already been fitted due to the high speeds of the droplets. It is only the person sneezing that can help stop the spreading of the droplets we have all heard the slogan catch it, bin it, kill it. It refers to catching the sneeze in a tissue to then be disposed of and is the most effective way of preventing the spreading of illness. If a tissue is not hand though it is recommended to sneeze into your arm rather than your hands due to the potential spread of disease via door handles, keyboards and any surface that you touch with your hands. There is no way to stop yourself sneezing as it is a reflex response and no saying pineapples doesn’t stop a sneeze.

Thanks for reading if you have any questions or suggestions about me or my blog or anything you would like me to write about then please leave in the comments below. Source used down below.

Thanks George