Antibiotics to treat appendicitis

Appendicitis is when the appendix swells up resulting in pain in the abdomen, the main solution to this is to surgically remove the appendix but is there another alternative. 

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Appendicitis has no known definite cause which makes prevention very hard so as a result it is one of the most common reasons that someone needs to go into surgery (one in 13 people will develop appendicitis) . It can develop at any age, but people between 10-20 years old are more likely to get it. The cause is believed the be due to infection or due to obstructions but has not been proven.

Up until this point the way it has been treated is by either keyhole surgery or open surgery which will remove the appendix (appendectomy) getting rid of the irritation, this is made viable by the little to no function that the appendix plays in the modern human body. This method has proven to be daunting especially to younger children who have no experience or knowledge of what is gong on. As with any operation there is also a small chance that something could go wrong or that complications can occur.

The use of antibiotics has been used somewhat in the treating of appendicitis before, in patients where there is little risk of the appendix bursting they might have been prescribed antibiotics to reduce the size of the swelling to make the operation easier or to allow keyhole surgery rather than open surgery. It is now thought that antibiotics could replace surgery as the prime treatment for appendicitis to provide a cheaper as well as a easier way to treat the condition.

So far not many trials have gone ahead to explore this possibility so more research needs to be undertaken. In studies involving 413 children non of them experienced any safety concerns or affects of using antibiotics but 14 percent of them studied went on to recurred the condition that wouldn’t have happened if an operation had been carried out. Without removing the appendix then patients could also be more likely to devolve complications with there appendicitis that can lead to abscess or peritonitis which is caused by the spreading of the infection to to other parts of the body around the appendix.

In the future there may not be as many surgeries to do with appendicitis and may become more of a last resort if antibiotics prove to be effective treatment. Only with increased research and trial will be sure of weather this is a viable option.

Hope you enjoyed reading any questions or suggestions leave in the comments used sources from medical news today and the NHS so if you want have a look at them then here are the links.

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/158806.php

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/315934.php

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Appendicitis/Pages/Introduction.aspx

Thanks George

Antibiotic resistant bacteria

Resistant bacteria becoming more of a problem

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With the misuse and over prescribing of antibiotics the world is faced with a major threat to peoples lives. The problem is that now there are many forms of bacteria most notably MRSA  (methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus) that are resistant to antibiotics. These are often resistant to many different antibiotics which makes them particularly concerning. It means that infections that could once be solved by antibiotics are now becoming deadly due to no way of treating the infection due to antibiotics not being effective any more. This can also make operations risky due to exposing the body to infection which is why after many operations the patient is prescribed with antibiotics.  This has all happened because if not all of the bacteria are destroyed by an antibiotic then they are able to gain resistance from it. The bacteria then multiply which creates lots of resistant bacteria that can all do damage. This problem is caused by people not finishing their prescribed antibiotics as they start feeling better but therefore means that not all of the bacteria are destroyed. Another potential cause is over prescribing of them, the modern person expects to be given a drug when they visit the doctor this therefore means that the antibiotics are being given out unnecessarily in order to keep the patient happy. The short amount of time that GP’s have with patients is also another factor due to the easy solution being to give a person antibiotics if the condition is unknown. This indicates that some people may be receiving them when in reality they don’t need the antibiotics to get better. With more people using antibiotics it increases the chances of resistant forms being made and then spread.

Trying to find a solution

Due to the severity of the situation research has been going on to try and find new antibiotics or other solutions as it is feared that up to 10 million people could be dying from these bacteria every year by 2050. Some new discoveries have been made in the fight against these bacteria which shed hope for the future.

Brazilian peppertree has the ability to knock out the destructive nature of the bacteria. It was discovered due to amazon healers had been using it to treat skin infections. The tree was picked apart to try and find the source of the healing factor to try and understand how it worked. It turns out the compound works by imagenot killing the actual bacteria like antibiotics do but disrupting the communication between them. This stops the bacteria from working as a group so less toxins are distributed at any one time. This then gives the body a fighting chance to deal with the infection. Whats even better about this plant is that it is abundant with it thriving in subtropical climates such as south america, some american states such a Florida. More research needs to be done to ensure that is it effective and safe with so far positive tests on mice having been conducted.

A new antibiotic that is produced by bacteria on African ants is proving to appear effective against resistance forms.This is a new bacteria spices called Streptomyces formicae found from a Fungus growing plant ant. Lab tests have concluded that it can be used against against MRSA and VRE (Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci ) which are both resistant to more than one bacteria. The ants live in thorny acacia trees that provide a mutual relationship, with the plant providing housing for the ants and the ants stop the tree being eaten by bigger herbivorous as they wont eat a tree with lots of ants on it. The discovery highlights the need to explore different environments to try and find hoe nature could be used to benefit us. Again more research is needed to prove that it is effective and safe.

Hopefully these new discoveries will lead to a new generation of antibiotics or ways of treating diseases caused by bacteria. This would save many lives from not having infections becoming fatal as well as ensuring that it is safe to undergo operations.

Thanks for reading if you have anything to add or ask please comment if not then I hope you enjoyed reading.

Thanks George

  

Heath Risks of Rugby

The six nations has started a competition that puts the six nations of England, Wales, Scotland, France, Italy and Ireland against each other in rugby union.

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Anyone watching the games on TV is bale to see the colossal impacts that take place in the match with giants of men sprinting at each other only to be stopped by a full contact tackle. These players undergo this kind of intense physical activity every game so what are the health risks of the impacts, constant knocks and brutal tackles.

Short term

With the forces involved in every tackle being as high as the force of a fringe freezer it is easy to see how rugby players sustain injuries particularity due to the fact that player can make over 20 tackles in a single game. This extended over multiple games can lead to the body unable to take any more punishment so injuries occur. Even so it is staggering to know that one in four rugby players will be injured throughout the course of a single season. This figure being three times higher than in football.

 Main Injuries include

  • muscular strains or bruising
  • sprains
  • dislocations
  • fractures
  • lacerations
  • overuse injuries
  • head injuries

As we can see from this list the injuries sustained can be pretty horrific which explains the need for multiple substitutes in a game of rugby. These types of injuries can see multiple players being taken off by a stretcher in a single game which is not what anyone wants to be seeing. Once a injury is sustained should the player be able to carry on playing then tart part can become a weak spot so can become prone to injury. This can have an effect on everyday life not just on the rugby pitch. Spinal and head injuries can in worst case scenarios lead  to loss of a life.

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Long term

Repeated Concussion is believed to result in multiple problems with the brain including making players more likely to develop dementia. This is partly caused by concussion going unnoticed or not treated properly when a player feels they can carry on. It is seen as rugby’s number one issue due to the severity of the potential affects as well as little research having being done in this area. It is logical to conclude that them multiple hits cant be the best for the body with having more than four concussions in any sport preforming worse on some neuropsychological tests.

Taking part in rugby will increase the chances of arthritis due to the pressure that joints undergo during every tackle. This can affect any activity due to being restricted in movement with sometimes constant pain.

Another implication of rugby is the alcohol consumption associated, with rugby players drinking alcohol more heavily than in any other sport. This can lead on to other health implications as a result including liver damage and cancer of the throat.

Injuries can cause areas of weakness that can be hurt easily in the future when not even playing rugby. Some spinal injuries can cause paralysis leading to an individual being wheelchair bound for the rest of there life.

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Conclusion 

Although there is undoubtedly risks in playing rugby there is also benefits such as increased cardiovascular fitness, strength, speed furthermore there are social benefits such as team skills, communication skills and general social interaction. It also helps to release that anger from the system.

It is recommended that players know these risks as well as benefits before putting on there boots. This is with the emphasis that if anything doesn’t feel right or if you should get a knock to the head then it’s best to receive the required treatment. New research is being done on the affect of concussions to fully understand weather they pose any long-term health risks.

I hope u all enjoyed reading my blog which team is anyone else supporting in the six nations personally it England all the way. If you have any suggestions on how to improve my blog or any questions feel free to comment.

http://www.physioworks.com.au/Injuries-Conditions/Activities/rugby-union-injuries

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/sport/news/article.cfm?c_id=4&objectid=11488159

Thanks George

Physics trip to cern

On the Monday of last week I got the privilege of being able to visit the cern hydron collider near Geneva which is in Switzerland.

CERN

Cern is a research organization on nuclear particles it has 22 country’s part of the programme that all come together to help fund as well as discover the unknown of the universe. The most well know project going ahead is with the particle accelerators in the large hadron collider which speeds up protons to almost the speed of light before making them collide with sometimes head on collisions. These collisions are then monitored in four detectors Atlas, CMS, Alice and LHcb. It is this process that the Higgs was first discovered in 2012 by Peter Higgs. This later earned him the Nobel prize for physics. This helped secientists to understand the origins of subatomic particles as well as what has happened in the the Big Bang. This breakthough has proven to be a great start in understanding the universe. It is still thought however that over 95% of the universe is still unknown in understanding as well as the make up. This is why the system is still being used and is being maintained as well as improved.

CMS

On the trip I was able to go 100 meters underground as got to see the CMS dector which consists of 15 segments that have all been brought down individually by a crane and then assembled once down there. It is 15 meters in diameter and weighs as much as 30 jumbo jets. This is to enable the detector to be able to withstand the high energies involved as well as to maintain accuracy of readings. Even so the detector needs to have maintence done as well as improvem with each layer of the device detecting a different type of particle. When I was there they were repairing the inner layer that takes the most of the beating from the collisions as well as installing even better detection devices. The components of the detector came from various countries including Germany and Italy. It is very much a joint effort with scientists from many differnt natonalitiyies and languages working together to  discover the universe. The CMS has very strong magnets around it creating a magnetic field of 4 Tesla which bends the particles to make sure they stay on the right course. The system uses superconductors that need to be kept at minus 271 degrees celcisus this is achieved by using liquid helium. The CMS detector along with all of the hydron collider will be back in action in 6-8 weeks.

Overview 

Overall I am very privileged to have been able to see such science, I am really looking forward to see what else will be discovered as well as the understanding of the universe which is sure to be uncovered in the coming years due to cern. I enjoyed my trip away and now know more about the collider as well as the potential that it has for the future.

Thanks for reading if you have any questions please leave them below or any comments. Hope u enjoyed the read.

George

P.S I do have a few pictures but last time I tried to put them on the post I lost all my text and had to start again, if interested then habe a look at my Twitter page which is in the header.

 

VR treatment for vertigo

When we think of vertigo many of us believe this to be a fear of heights or a feeling of dizziness when looking down from a high place e.g sitting in the highest level of a football stadium. In reality vertigo can be triggered by almost any visual stimulus, that varies from person to person. This can therefore limit in someone’s ability to go about daily life as somthing as common a supermarket can cause nausea for several hours or even days in some cases. The exact cause of vertigo is unknown but it could be related to damage of the vestibular system which s part of the inner ear. Ear infections could therefore be a cause.

It is believed that VR could help to rehabilitate suffers by using the equipment to slowly get them used to there triggers so that vertigo is no longet felt. We associate VR as the next gaming platform and it is thought that if little games are incorporated to the programe then suffers will find that visual trigger enjoyable or not even realize what they are seeing being too engrossed in the task. This could potentially the way to let suffers have more freedom without the risk of experiencing dizziness. As wel as helping patients it can also be used as a diagnostic service, I somone is unsure of there trigger then they could be put into differnt environments by the VR and monitored to find what is casing there symptoms. This will also help save time as the quicker the cause is found then the sooner help can be given to combat that visual vertigo.

This can make VR a vital bit of kit for helping people with visual vertigo, with this theory I believe people will star to find other ways in which the technology can be exploited to improve lives. If anyone can think of any other she’s of VR in medicine or rehabilitation please comment below. Thanks for reading I got the information of the BBC so if anyone wants to rad further feel free to explore.

Thanks again

George

Sports coaching

I took part in the sure sports leaders course last summer which was one week long and gave me an introduction to sport coaching. During the week I got an introduction of coaching from hockey, rugby, cricket and football. Along with these workshops I also attended a safeguarding and protection of children workshop which was sports coach uk approved. Then finally attended a st. John ambulance essential first aid for all ages.

After completing this week in the summer everyone who attended had to then complete volunteer sports coaching once schools started up again. Everyone kept a log of the amount of hours they have completed with it signed by the appropoite person. I am pleased to announce that after the first term of school I completed the second most number of voluntary hours (27). This got my picture into the local paper of the manx independent showcasing the top three people.image

I completed my hours in various differnt ways, I helped out weekly at my local primary school in running there after school sports clubs which would vary in sports from football to handball. I also completed some full days of volenteering at sport schemes that are run on the island which further boosted my hours. During this time I completed a Austism and asperges training course that further enhanced my coaching ability.

Being a sports coach has given me some valuable experiment as well as improving life skills. When coaching people I always work as a team so this helps my teamwork skills, having to coach young children means that l have learnt how to communicate with differnt ages brackets and has helped my communication in general. When helping out with a session I have came prepared with my own session ideas as well as having to adapt sessions that turned out to be going poorly.  Along the way I have coached some children with disabilities including ADHD, autism, speech impairments and learing difficulties. This has given me a wider understanding of the conditions as well as how best to to talk to them and coach them to allow them same opportunitiities as everyone else. Most importantly is to be able to ensure everyone is included and is having  fun. This coaching has enabled me to boost skills that will help in many differnt aspects of life.

Thanks for reading my question is have you completed any coaching and if so please comment on what you have done and attributes gained by the experiences.

I’m the male on the right of the picture if anyone was wondering.

George

Hospital tv program

Hi everyone

I have recently came  across a program on BBC two that shows the reality of life in a hospital as well as the tough decisions that need to be made.

The first episode featured two patients one of which needed an operation to get rid of cancer that had formed in the oesophagus. His operation had already been cancelled due to the need for a intensive unit bed that is highly sourt after and like the rest of the hospital is almost always full to capacity. The patient had gone though chemotherapy to reduce the tumor and need to take it out, the longer that patient waited the harder the operation would become.

The second patient was one that was being brought the hospital by ambulance to st.marys due to the nature of the condition. This patients aporta had the potential to burst and it wasn’t ceratian that the patient would make it to the hospital alive.

With no intensive care beds available the episode shows how they have a constant pressure to move patients from intensive care to the wards to make space for new arrivals. The orinisazion of the flow of patients proving difficult at a time of great strain on the NHS. The hospital had the potential to move two patients down to the ward but was a not sure it all depended on the situation in the coming hours. This led to the conclusion that if the patient in the ambulance survived the journey then the cancer patients operation wouod need to be cancelled. If however the the ambulance patient died on route the cancer patient could then go ahead with the operation.

It was visibly clear that this was  hard concept to take in both for the patient awaiting cancer treatment as well as the doctor performing on him. The patient felt a great deal of guilt due to the fact that someone dieing would be beneficial to his own needs. The doctors were left unable to do there work which left them with a long waiting time as well the knowing that the operating theatre was free and ready but just couldn’t do it. This can be seen as a wasting of resources which created frustration.

In the end the ambulance patient survived and the cancer patient was able to get the operation done the next day. But this situation clearly states the problems that are going on up and down the contry in our hospitals. There are simply not enough beds for the number of patients that need them, any new intensive care beds are costly and there needs to be space available for them. This means that there is no quick fix to the problem. The implications of this is that people are having their operations cancelled as well as someone needing to make the difficult decision of who should be treated on. This can then have phycological effcts on the people working there one doctor even said that orinaizing the place was proving just strenuous as actually saving lives. The long waiting times that surgeons have to endure before they can start the operation is sure to make the possibibily of mistakes more likey.

Our hospitals are under intense strain without action being done soon to help in the long term this problem will just escalate to the point where people will be put at risk of dieing unnessisarily. There is a need for more beds to occupy the need. There needs to be centers set up to help people recover at home or in annother building instead of taking up valuble bed spaces. Hospital are needing to discharge more and more patients but without proper support at home they will just end up back in the hospital again creating a viscous cycle. The warning signs are here the only way to solve these problems is through actions.

If anyone is interested in watching the program the ext episode is on at 9.00 on Wednesday night on BBC two. If you have anything ou wish to share feel free to comment.

Thanks for reading , George

Health risks of frequent air travel

Hi guys

Considering I am currently sat here at an airport with a hour and a half delay that has left me with time to create a blog on the heath risks of frequent air travel due to my delay here on the Isle of man.

So basically I was reading an article which I will put into this post and it turns out more and more people are staring to travel more frequently due to work related activity, on a business trip. There are three main categories of health risk physical, emotional and social.

In terms of physical risks one of the main being jet-lag which can cause fatigue and gastrointestinal problems as well as an increase in the risk of a heart attack or a stroke. With people being restricted to seats which can lead to deep vain thrombosis or blood clotting which can affect an indidual for a long period of time.

The metal affects can include increase stress and anxiety levels due to the constant need to worry about about travel plans as well as having to go somewhere to which you haven’t been to before. With many frequent flyers being on business the stress of work is also a major factor due to feeling like your getting behind the work load due to time being spent travelling. Any sort of delay or problems along the way will had additional strain on someone’s metal state when they may not be in the best frame of mind to begin with.

Social affects can be damaging to not just the individual but to there family and friends as well. A sense of isolation can be experiencedone by both the traveller as well as the people left at home. Relationships can be damaged due to constant travelling as the person left at home has the extra burden of doing the jobs that they would normally be doing. If a parent is away constantly then the behaviour of the child can deteriterate. This may be due to when the parent is home having to spend the time recuperating from the expenditure of traveling.

As frequent travel becomes more common some of these affects may be seen on a wider scale in the future with research already on the way to try and limit some of these negative affects.

Here is the link to the source used:

https://www.google.com/amp/www.newsweek.com/frequent-air-travel-has-hidden-health-risks-and-social-consequences-364341%3Famp%3D1?client=ms-android-samsung

Any comments or questions feel free to ask and I hope everyone has a good weekend.

George

NHS “National hangover Service”

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As new year is almost upon us many people will be out tonight enjoying themselves and celebrating the ending of this year and the begining of the next.

It is however a very frustrating time or the people working in the casualty units as they prepare to look after those who have had too much to drink. This will put stain on both the hospitals and the ambulance services to try and keep everyone safe and well. It is expected that drink related hospital admissions will double for tonight and tomorrow. The oust likley of groups to get drunk being British girls, this comes after a survey that girls n the UK are most likely to have been drunk by the age of 15. More than a third of hospital admissions at peak times are caused by drunkeness. Which is adding extra pressure to a already straining health service.

Annother worry tonight will be the use of drugs that has come familiar with parties so is sure to feature and have an impact tonight. A study said that Britian is the worst for cocaine usage with more tha 4 per cent of 15-34 year olds having taken it. This figure being more then twice the European adverage Of 1.9 per cent.

And finally the risk of the spreading of sexually transmitted diseases will be high due to alcohol obscuring people’s decision making. With a population already having the highest levels of gonorrhoea 59.7 cases per 100,000 compared with an adverage of 20 per 100,000. Britain was also in the bottom six for chlamydia and syphilis.

All of these are going to put major strain on the NHS tonight and tomorrow which may impact on its ability to treat some more serious cases, as well as being available to them as ambulances may be caught up on passed out party goes.

The main message here is to enjoy yourself but also act in a responsible and safe manner so that everyone is happy. Everyone stay safe and I wish u all a happy new year.

Christmas troubles

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hi guys came across this article in the paper today and thought I’d just comment on what it is about as well as the points highlighted in the article.

In summary it’s telling the public to reframe fro seeing family members over the festive period if you are feeling ill. This is in an attempt to stop the spreading of the norovirus as well as to try and relive the pressure on causality  units that are at there most busiest this time of year. Hospitals are already 95 per cent full with the safe limit being 85 per cent which therefore puts patients at risk of infections or mistakes by worn out staff. Due to this the article recomends not to go to A and E unless they ultimately need to. Instead people are told to phone 111 or see there local pharmacist. The crisis has been blamed on the lack of social care provided from councils that means elderly people become “bed blockers” as they don’t have the facilities at home to be able to be discharged.

This just showcases the problems facing the NHS that are even more apparent  in this busy winter period. It looks As though the pharmacist will have an increasing involvement in the health of citizens. The situation has resulted in many people being turned away from A and E which could be significant in the early prevention of illnesses.

I hope anyone who read this found it informative and if you have any comments or questions feel free to ask. All that’s left for me to say is I hope everyone haves a very merry Christmas.