Spiral Fractures

A spiral fracture is a type of bone fracture which is caused by the combination of torsion and impact. Spiral fractures are most common in the lower part of the body as due to a hard fall, one’s bone can twist (imagine it to be like twisting an ankle) however it takes a lot more force to get a spiral fracture in the arms. A spiral metacarpal fracture, for instance, is most commonly caused by a sport like rugby.

The symptoms of a spiral fracture are:
– a loud cracking sound when incident happened
– swelling/bruising around fracture (normally around all sides of the bone)
– discolouration normally comes with the swelling
– pain and discomfort (unless known to have a high pain threshold)
– sometimes the fracture will be visible (open fracture, deformity)

A spiral fracture is diagnosed by the use of an x-ray machine. The doctor and/or radiographer would then examine the images to determine whether or not a spiral fracture has occurred.

Spiral fractures can be treated in one of two ways depending on how serious the break is. Method:
1 – If the break isn’t too serious and the subject is in good health the fracture can be mended by simply casting it for a few months to let it mend on its own.

2 – If the break is more serious it may be misaligned so badly that in order for it to heal it needs to be pinned. This requires an operation on the bone to put in place metal pins which should re-enforce the bone and give it back its structure so it can mend properly.

The general prognosis of a spiral fracture is that within six months or less it should be back to how it was before.

The most precious sense?

While we may envy those who claim to have magnetoceoption and/or electroreception, we sometimes forget what can be the most precious sense of all. Our sight.

As we go about our daily business, we seem to take our sight for granted, along with all our others senses. So as you are reading this, take a moment to marvel at your sensational senses…

However, do not marvel too long as there are places to go and things to see; fortunately for you, you WILL be able to see these, although some are not so lucky.

BUT this could all change as University College London (UCL) and Moorfields Eye Hospital have conducted research whereby they have been able to transplant “laboratory-grown retinal ganglion cells” [1] into the eyes of blind rats. This research, along with that of Advanced Cell Technology (ACT) in the USA (“two women in the USA with eye disease were injected with stem cells and both apparently showed some slight improvement in vision” [2]) are both a “significant step towards our ultimate goal of finding a cure for glaucoma and other related conditions” [3].

[1] Human Stem Cells Restored Some Vision in Rats
[2] Hope for eye treatment using stem cells – Video
[3] Human stem cells ‘help blind rats’