Cavities, they happen when a tooth becomes permanently damaged. It is caused by bacteria and food that coats teeth to form plaque, then the acid on teeth destroy the enamel layer and then progresses onto the underlying dentin or connective tissue. Anyone can develop cavities but some are at higher risks than other, for example, people who have a diet containing high sugar and acidic foods, have poor hygiene, so don’t get enough fluorine or they suffer from acid reflux which means they are at a higher risk of getting this disease, and therefore experience sensitive teeth, pain in the mouth, holes in teeth or staining on teeth. Cavities are more likely to develop on back teeth as they have openings which can trap food particles in addition to this, people are more likely to spend less time brushing these teeth as they are more difficult to reach so less attention is paid on them.
There are several procedures used to treat cavities, one being tooth fillings. This easy procedure removes decayed material from a tooth by using a drill and then this hole is filled with a substance such as silver to prevent any plaque building up in that region. For more severe cavities crowns can be used, the dentist removes the decayed tooth and then put a cap over your tooth or a root canal can be done, this is done when the decay causes the death of your nerves, this procedure is done to save the tooth, to do this dentist remove the nerve tissue and any other tissue around the decayed tooth, and then they fill the tooth and place a crown on it. To reduce cavities the use of fluoride toothpaste is important or if you have recently developed a cavity that isn’t that severe a fluoride treatment can be done to restore tooth enamel which will stop tooth decay.
One of the most common diseases in dentistry is a periodontal disease, which is caused by an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. This is a common disease as many have poor brushing and flossing technique’s which causes plaque to build up and if not cleaned it will develop into tartar which can only be removed professionally by a dentist. Smokers are at a higher risk from this disease as well as people with diabetes and will suffer from bleeding gums, chewing problems and tooth loss at an early age. This disease is diagnosed by an examination of the gum or an x-ray can be done, if diagnosed dentist control the infection with a variety of treatments depending on the severity of the gum disease, also dentist will advise patients to change their lifestyle for example if they are smokers they will ask them to stop. To prevent chances of getting this disease you just need to make sure that you maintain healthy gums and teeth by brushing regularly and have regular dental check-ups.
Today drugs are used in many industries, including dentistry. The main ways drugs are used is to relieve pain whether it’s swelling in the gums or having painful a surgery. One common way of reducing pain while having surgery is the use of nitrous oxide or anaesthesia. On the other hand, to reduce discomfort a range of drugs can be used, some having a mild impact while others are much stronger medication such as Tylenol, Motrin or corticosteroids.
You are probably using dental medication daily as your toothpaste contains fluorides, which is an important component of toothpaste as it prevents cavities, and reduces chances of early tooth decay.
Antibiotics also have a big role in dentistry, they are used for infections that may occur after surgery, and used for diseases such as periodontal disease. As well as this it can prevent bacteria on the surface of tissue around teeth spreading into the blood.
To treat toothache or any pain after a treatment the non-narcotic analgesics are used, an example of these include ibuprofen or aspirin, but for severe pain, stronger drugs like codeine may be given. Now, days drugs to control plaque are available such as chlorhexidine which is mainly used to reduce the build-up of plaque in the periodontal pockets, this drug can come in the form of a mouth wash and can prevent diseases in the future.
This period is a difficult one for all, from people suffering from mental health issues to boredom and missing the social aspect of life. My experience of this time will be a memorable one although times have been difficult, it has also been very rewarding and enjoyable for me.
A normal day for me starts by waking up to my alarm and spending a couple of minute on my phone, I feel most motivated to do most work in the morning/early afternoon and therefore start fairly early. Currently, I am in year 12, and I am doing Alevel biology, chemistry and maths which I thoroughly enjoy. I’m going to be honest teaching yourself these subjects is very hard, but using sites such as snap revise, Kerboodle, and Seneca as well as watching YouTube video is the way I am doing it and it is working very well, along with this I use textbooks to write notes and then do question and answers flashcards which I find extremely useful. I find making a timetable very useful, it allows your day to be structured and makes sure you get done what you need to do as well as this it makes you feel extremely organised!
Once I feel satisfied with the work I’ve done for the day, I usually do a hobby such as painting or baking or just watch a tv show or movie. Also being a person who is into fitness I usually do a workout most evenings followed by watching the news.
I am a student who is wanting to go into dentistry so expect blogs about current issues in society regarding dentistry and any health-related issues.