Major medical advancements in 2017

Advancements of technology has allowed scientist and individuals to attain many beneficial and crucial medical advancements that will shape the future and allow for more endless possibilities to be discovered. Here are a few of the many developed this year:

1. Growing organs in a petri dish to help treat cystic fibrosis
A 53 year old patient known as Els van Der Heijden with cystic fibrosis took part in a medical advancement that has reshaped the medical world. At first doctors were confused as this patient was not benefiting from the expensive well known medicine she was taking and so therefore the doctors were hesitant to try an even more expensive drug as it had not been proven to work in people with the rare type of cystic fibrosis that Van der Heijden had. Instead of doing this the doctors effectively scraped some cells from the patient and grew a mini version of her large intestine in a petri dish in order to test the effectiveness of the drug. So far, doctors have grown mini guts – just the size of a pencil point – for 450 of the Netherlands’ roughly 1 500 cystic fibrosis patients.

2. Lymph-node transplant surgery in South Africa a success

A man suffering from Lymphoedema and an advanced skin cancer in South Africa has received successful reconstructive surgery. Lymphoedema is a common painful side effect of cancer and cancer treatment. At Life Vincent Pallotti Hospital, surgeons successfully performed a novel vascularised lymph node transfer. This procedure is done on small blood vessels to treat Lymphoedema and will now be able to benefit many individuals.

3. Lab-grown skin saves boy dying from rare genetic disease

A young boy in Germany with a rare genetic disease called epidermolysis bullosa was on the verge of death as this disease had destroyed 60% of his skin and had made it extremely fragile and thin. With the use of stem cells and gene therapy, doctors were able to engineer a fully functional skin for the boy. This made him the first individual in the world to receive a skin transplant of this magnitude. This advancement and operation has allowed doctors and scientists to understand and develop the potential of this specific technology.

4. HIV eliminated from mice

A study first published in the journal of Molecular Therapy stated the important breakthrough in regards to HIV. HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus which is estimated to affect around 37.7 million people in 2016. With the use of CRISPR (gene editing) therapy, scientists discovered that they could successfully cut out the HIV virus from mouse cell. In the time span of a few years scientists are hoping that this discovery could lead to a possible breakthrough with the cure of the disease in the hopes of improving the condition of many individuals’ lives.

5. The first robot-assisted super-microsurgery

Surgeons from the Maastricht University Medical Centre in the Netherlands executed the first robot-assisted super-microsurgery. The robot stitched vessels as small as 0.3 mm to treat lymphoedema in a patient. It’s a delicate procedure but the robotic assistance made it go without a drawback.

Sources I used:

http://www.health24.com/News/10-big-medical-breakthroughs-of-2017-20171127 (30/12/17)

Let’s wait and see what 2018 has to offer!

Turmeric the new miracle cure for Cancer and Alzheimer’s disease?

Turmeric. A common spice often used in dishes I grew up eating. Due to it having many health benefits I decided to make it the topic of today’s blog.

Cancer and Alzheimer’s disease are just two of the many diseases that turmeric may be able to treat. It is a common yellow spice often used in dishes such as curries. Turmeric is harvested from yurmeric root often most commonly founded in in Southeast Asia as it is native to there. In recent months due to scientific studies, it has been discovered that turmeric possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

The spices benefits have been backed up by a cohort of studies including one made recently which discovered that turmeric contains a chemical known as curcumin which may be the key to a new cancer.

However, there are claims that consuming this spice which has been used for centuries in countries such as India and china may do little more than add flavour. A ground breaking discovery published by the journal of Medical Chemistry discovered that turmeric may have little health benefits as it involved a review of scientific literature on curcumin.

Michael Walters, co-author and research associate professor at the University of Minnesota, states: “These studies have become a part of folklore, and their actual results don’t really measure up to what they’re quoted as.”

Researches often had conflict over the validity of the spices power as they weren’t able to attain any double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials, known as the gold-standard of medical research, on the spice.

Due to their both being positives and negative aspects of the spice such as its ability to be beneficial for preventing insulin resistance, improving high blood sugar and reducing the toxic effects of high blood glucose levels – meaning it could help diabetes however it having a link to obesity causes there to still remain some confusion upon its actual desire of treating a disease.

I did my research from:

https://www.express.co.uk/life-style/health/835792/cancer-alzheimers-disease-diabetes-turmeric-curcumin-spice-cure-health-benefits  (22/12/17)

https://thetruthaboutcancer.com/benefits-turmeric-cancer-treatment/ (22/12/17)

 

Hello world!

I am Mahrukh Khan. A 16 year old student from Littleover Community school in Derby. I moved from Canada in year 11, completed my GCSE’s in one year and am currently studying Biology, Chemistry, Geography, and Religious Studies in A level. My ultimate aim is to study medicine and become a doctor as it is something I have always aspired to do. In my spare time I like to play badminton, soccer, skateboard, and run cross country.