World Pangolin day takes place every year on the third Saturday of February. Pangolins are the world’s most trafficked animals and it is our job to be aware of the horrors of the pangolin trade and to aid conservation efforts. In celebration of pangolin day, I have made an animal profile on the Indian Pangolin.
Common name: Indian pangolin, thick-talied pangolin / scaly anteater.
scientific name: Manis crassicaudata
conservation status: endangered
population trend: decreasing
size and weight: 5-35kg and 45-75 cm
diet: insects, particularly termites and ants
lifespan: 13 years
habitat: rainforests, grasslands and barren areas of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Southern Nepal, small parts of Pakistan, Sri Lanka and India.
breeding: there is little information about pangolin breeding, however it is known that there are usually birthd in January, March, July and November. There is usually one baby per pregnancy but there can be two. The gestation period is 65-70 days and the pup is weaned at 3 months old.
threats: hunting for meat and traditional ‘medicine’
predators: lions, tigers, leopards
- pangolins are the world’s most trafficked animals
- they have 13 rows of moveable, sharp scales
- they move at a top speed of 5km/hr
- baby pangolins are called pangopups
- nocturnal animals
- scales are made of keratin
- live in burrows
- have a keen sense of smell
- the Indian pangolin has much larger scales than the three Asian pangolin species
- unlike its African counterpart, the Indian pangolin does not climb trees.
- IUCN redlist