Why Do Breasts Hurt Before a Period

Today I am going to be explaining why some women can get sore breasts before a period.

So, in a nutshell, the reason for sore beats before a period is due to a reduction of the sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone cause lymph nodes to swell.

It has also been found that there could potentially be a link between breast pain and the hormone prolactin – this hormone actually stimulated great milk production after women and if it is present in the body before this time (this can sometimes happen) it can cause changes in the breasts.

Some of the specific symptoms females suffer from regarding there breasts before their period include:

  • pain in one breast
  • pain in both breasts
  • pain radiating into the underarms
  • a sharp pain, or dull
  • swelling
  • intense pain in the nipple area

Other research has found that breast pain could also be due to these factors:

  • clogged milk duct in the breast
  • mastitis – a breast infection that can develop during breastfeeding
  • having large, heavy breasts
  • having previously undergone breast surgery
  • breast injury
  • water retention
  • using certain hormone therapy medications or medications like digitalis, diuretics etc.
  • having fibrocystic breast tissue – makes the breasts dense and lump – this is more painful around menstruation
  • in extreme cases, breast pain can indicate breast cancer

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.healthline.com/health/breast-premenstrual-tenderness-and-swelling

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323998.php

Difference Between Male and Female Brains

Today I am going to attempt to provide a simple explanation of the difference between a male and female brain…

  • Navigation – men depend more on context-dependent memory, but female depends more on spatial perception, motor control, attention, and episodic memory.
  • the part of the brain that detects a threat has better power to evaluate in women than in men
  • women have a stronger neural response to unambiguous visual threat signals
  • microglia (cells that belong to the brain’s immune system) are more active in women, so they are more exposed to chronic pain than men
  • women are more susceptible to mood disorders like depression and anxiety, and anorexia nervosa due to a more heightened activation of the prefrontal cortex
  • males are more likely to have autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, specific language impairment, Tourette syndrome, and dyslexia

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319592.php?sr

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/hope-relationships/201402/brain-differences-between-genders

Can Immune Cells Affect Sexual behaviour?

A new studies has attempted to look into the topic of whether the presence of mast cells (a type of immune cell) can influence whether a person will act more ‘masculine’ or ‘feminine’

As time goes on, we are finding out more and more that immune responses are either responsible for or contribute to many essential bodily functions and answer many questions. Therefore, a group of researchers (lead researcher = Kathryn Lenz) decided to look more into the effect of mast cells on sexual behaviour and found that in rats, all females had active mast cells and males had silenced mast cells. The researchers decided on the conclusion that the sex hormone oestrogen can activate mast cells in the brain which can in turn influence sexual behaviour.

As said by Lenz herself:

“These mast cells in the brain appear crucial for life-long brain development, even though there are relatively few of them, and this should really open our eyes to the potential role of different immune cells in the human brain.There’s so much we don’t know, and we need to pay attention to all the cells in the brain and how they talk to each other…”

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

http://www.gluegrant.org/immunecells.htm

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322791.php

Weight Loss through Small Implantable Device?

New research from the University of Wisconsin-Madison has found that weight loss can be boosted by the implantation of a small device.

Obviously, obesity is a growing concern that is affecting millions of people worldwide, and it is now common knowledge that weight gain is caused by people consuming more calories than the body needs to use. Because of this, scientists are trying to find ways into essentially tricking the brain into consuming less food.

The small implantable device (less than 1 centimetre wide) was made by the researchers to send small electrical pulses through the vagus nerve – this transmits messages between the brain and stomach. This is able to convince the brain that the stomach is full, thus reducing the feeling of hunger and suppressing appetite.

The device was tested on rats and it was found that they could achieve 38% weight loss in as short as 15 days – this is more than any other electrical approach to stimulate weight loss has ever been able to achieve.

And whats more, the device has not posed any safety issues thus far: the implant stayed in its correct position and didn’t cause any signs of infection or disfunction. For a new device that is not only fully reversible, it is much less invasive than weight loss surgery and doesn’t even use wiring or battery – it pulses based on the natural movement of the stomach which is just enhancing the normal response of the body in order to control food intake.

Of course a lot more trials and testing is required before this device can be used in humans, but it is without doubt that this device has shown a lot of promise as a means of tackling the problem of obesity.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324026.php

https://danifoxhypnosis.com/product/weight-loss-women/

One Workout is Enough to Increase Metabolism

New research from the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention on mice has shown that even a single workout can cause a reduced appetite, lower blood sugar levels, and better metabolism. And whats more, this effect can last up to 2 days after that initial workout.

This discovery has given researchers hope that there is a new way to control blood sugar levels through very minimal exercise – this can help us to achieve much higher health benefits.

This research has been furthered by neuroscientist Dr Kevin Williams who found that this phenomenon was taking place due to POMC neutrons which have a natural association to faster metabolism and reduced appetite. The reason this phenomenon works was described by Dr Williams as “It doesn’t take much exercise to alter the activity of these neurons,” It has also been found that neuronal effects lasted longer if the training period was longer.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323909.php?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_country=GB&utm_hcp=no&utm_campaign=MNT%20Weekly%20%28non-HCP%20non-US%29%20-%20OLD%20STYLE%202018-12-12&utm_term=MNT%20Weekly%20News%20%28non-HCP%20non-US%29

https://www.self.com/story/5-must-know-tips-to-slay-your-workouts

Why Being a ‘Night Owl’ is Bad

So, you have all probably heard of the phase ‘night owl’ – these are people who prefer to stay up late, and to some extent this is due to our genes.

However, a lifestyle that doesn’t fit with the workings of our society (aka having work / school from 9 to 5) can cause several problems to ones health, including disruptions in metabolic processes, lipid and glucose metabolism, and blood pressure.

People who are ‘night owls’ are more likely to:

  • eat less vegetables and grains
  • eat less often but have bigger meals
  • have type 2 diabetes
  • be at risk of suffering from sleep deprivation
  • be susceptible to suffering from depression

However, scientists have actually discovered a number of benefits to being a night owl. It has been suggested through research that night owls may be able to perform and function significantly better than morning people 10 hours after being awake. More research is being done to test for more pros, but I think it is safe to say that it is a lot more beneficial to go to sleep at a decent time.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323866.php?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_country=GB&utm_hcp=no&utm_campaign=MNT%20Weekly%20%28non-HCP%20non-US%29%20-%20OLD%20STYLE%202018-12-05&utm_term=MNT%20Weekly%20News%20%28non-HCP%20non-US%29

https://www.businessinsider.com/pros-and-cons-of-being-a-night-owl-2015-6?r=UK&IR=T

Ancient Roman Medicine

The Ancient Romans heavily contributed to the progress in many areas of the Medical Field. Many of their Medical theories were adopted from the Greeks, which still remained popular until the 17th century.

Most Roman surgeons got their surgical experience by treating soldiers on the battlefield. They used instruments like arrow extractors, catheters, scalpels, and forceps. They knew the basics of sterilisation as they would put their instruments in boiling water before use. They did not, however, have effective anaesthetics. But this wasn’t a problem as they didn’t operate deep in to the body.

Roman physicians liked to carry out thorough physical examinations of the individual, however the problem was that doctors tended to develop their own theories and treatments – progress in this was a slow process. Like the Egyptians, a wide range of herbal remedies were used. For example, fennel (treatment for nervous disorders), unwashed wool (treatment for sores), egg yolk (treatment of dysentery – inflammatory disease of the intestine), sage (a ‘religious’ treatment), garlic (treatment for the heart), willow (used as an antiseptic), and fenugreek (treatment for lung diseases, especially pneumonia).

The Romans took a lot of care in maintaining their high standards of public health by the use of public baths, hospitals, and a good water supply. The Romans are known for their Roman Baths as they were constantly vigorously inspected to enforce proper hygiene standards.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog, If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323600.php?sr

http://www.romanobritain.org/13_roman_medical/Base_of_medical_knowledge.html

Ancient Egyptian Medicine

I’ve decided I’m going to start a new segment of these blogs where I talk about what medicine was like at a particular point in time. Today, I’m going to start by talking about what medicine was like in the Ancient Egyptian Times.

The Egyptians believed that diseases was mainly used by the gods, demons and spirits – they affected the normal functioning of the body by blocking channels in the body. This is what caused priests, or healers, to be given the name “doctor of medicine”. Because of this, a typical treatment of illness was using a combination of prayer and natural remedies. Archaeologists found a number of written records left by the Egyptians, containing over 700 remedies and spells in order to ‘repel the demons that causes disease’. These ‘documents’ are among some of the oldest preserved medical documents in existence. The documents also included some awareness of the workings of the brain, liver, heart, mental illness, family planning, skin problems, dental problems, eye disease, intestinal disease, parasites, and even tumor treatment. Finally, there is evidence that the doctors of the time knew how to treat burns, fix dislocated joints, and set broken bones.

Interestingly, the Egyptians provided a foundation for the recording of medical research, but having an organised economy and system of government that came up with a system of letters and numbers – this allowed for the development of ideas and calculations.

Because the Egyptians were traders, they were also able to travel long distances and bring back a variety of herbs and spices to use in their remedies.

As said earlier, treatment tended to reply more on natural herbs. For example, common remedies for dentistry problems included cumin, incense, onion and even opium to treat excessive pain.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed it, feel free to leave a comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323633.php?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_country=GB&utm_hcp=no&utm_campaign=MNT%20Weekly%20%28non-HCP%20non-US%29%20-%20OLD%20STYLE%202018-11-21&utm_term=MNT%20Weekly%20News%20%28non-HCP%20non-US%29

http://www.crystalinks.com/egyptmedicine.html

When Do We Burn the Most Calories?

A recent study on seven people has shown that at different times in the day, our body can burn more calories than at other times, especially at later hours in the day.

The human body utilises calories in order to provide the body with energy to properly function. This is done by burning calories, and this occurs no matter what you’re doing, even while taking a nap.

The study found that metabolic rate was lowest late during their biological “night,” and highest around 12 hours later, in the biological “afternoon and evening.”

This information has now made researchers question whether we should now be making lunch our biggest meal of the day instead of dinner. As said by Jeanne Duffy:

“It is not only what we eat, but when we eat — and rest — that impacts how much energy we burn or store as fat. Regularity of habits, such as eating and sleeping, is very important to overall health.”

The team next plan to try and figure out the relationship between appetite and time of day, and find a way to make appetite and time of most calorie loss coincide.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to comment down below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323629.php

https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/howto/guide/what-52-diet

Broken Heart Syndrome

New research has shows that people who go through cariogenic shock due to broken heart syndrome have an increase death risk, both short-term and long-term.

Broken heart syndrome is scientifically known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy or stress-induced cardiomyopathy. People who suffer from it claim to feel intense chest pain and very sudden shortness of breath. It is a relatively rare condition that very much resembles the symptoms of a heart, and is much more common in women than men.

Fortunately, most people can fully recover within weeks, even though 1 in 10 people do develop more serious complication.

The leader, Dr. Christian Templin, and his team found that physical stress was more than twice as likely to have caused broken heart syndrome. As said by Dr Templin himself:

For the first time, this analysis found [that] people who experienced broken heart syndrome complicated by cardiogenic shock were at high risk of death years later, underlining the importance of careful long-term follow-up, especially in this patient group.”

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. if you enjoyed it, feel free to leave a comment below!

Thanks,

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323613.php

https://myhealth.alberta.ca/Health/aftercareinformation/pages/conditions.aspx?hwid=abs1989