Although there has been much research done in the past over the benefits of breakfast, different studies seem to contradict each other; some studies show the breakfast helps us to avoid snacking and consuming excess calories during the rest of the day, while other studies say calorie intake throughout the day isn’t affected by eating or skipping breakfast.
Therefore, researchers at the University go Bath, UK have decided to focus their study on the effect of breakfast related to weight loss. The study is led by Javier Gonzalez, PH.D.
For the study, 49 volunteering participants (20 ‘lean’, 29 ‘obese’) were either asked to have breakfast or fast until 12pm every day, for 6 weeks. As a result of this, the people who had breakfast ended up consuming 350 kilocalories more than the people who were fasting – these people had no energy intake in the morning.
Through examining body fat distribution / ability of fat cells to use glucose in response to insulin and the activity of gene regulating proteins, it was discovered that “in lean people, skipping breakfast for 6 weeks increased the activity of genes that helped to burn fat, therefore improving metabolism. However, this effect was not seen in obese adults – their fat cells could not take up as much glucose in response to insulin as lean individuals did.”
From these results, the research team hope to repeat the experiment with the ‘breakfast eaters’ eating different types of breakfasts (in this particular study, the ‘breakfast eaters’ had a high-carb breakfast, so this could be changed to a ‘high-protein’ breakfast or balanced breakfast). From this, the researchers could work out what breakfast is best for ‘lean’ and ‘obese’ people, and even continue to research how other factors – such as exercise or water intake – affect this finding.
Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to suggest any ideas for future blogs!