2017 Medical Research Summed Up

Hi guys,

Seeing as this will be my last blog of 2017, I have decided to dedicate it to summing up all of the most popular medical research undertaken in 2017…

  1. DIET

Through a series of studies this year, it was found out that the best way to maintain good health is by eating a balanced diet as well as doing regular exercise. In addition, by increasing intake of fruits and vegetables, it could be possible to improve psychologically in only 2 weeks by increasing motivation and energy levels.

It was also found from research at the University of Connecticut that clogged arteries are actually a result of bacteria, not diet, and a study presented in Chicago showed that there is no evidence to prove that blood pressure and a ‘low-salt’ diet are related.

Finally, research into gluten-free diets showed that they in fact increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and increase levels of mercury and arsenic by 70% in urine.

2. EXERCISE

Studies have shown that  taking part in even a little bit of exercise each week can lead to health benefits such as a decreased rate of heart attacks, heart failure and strokes. Compared to being inactive, it has been discovered that ” just 2 hours per week is linked to a lower risk of all-cause mortality. What is more, just 1 hour of exercise each week can help to prevent depression, and only 20 minutes of exercise reduces the body’s inflammatory response.”

3. OBESITY

This year, the quest to find out the most efficient and rapid way of weight loss continued. From many different studies, it was found that ‘intermittent fasting’ (switching between fasting and non-fasting) is able to reduce levels of stress, inflammation and even prevent nerve damage.

4. CANCER

Every year, researchers get closer and closer to finding the cure for cancer, and this year scientists have found many new ground-breaking methods, including a cell-killing technique that when tested in the laboratory on colorectal cancer tumours, killed almost all of the cancer cells. For example, it was found that  “vitamin C is up to 10 times more effective than experimental drugs at preventing the formation of cancer stem cells.”

5. AGEING

This year, scientist have been able to analyse ways of reversing ageing. A BMC Cell Biology study showed that a certain chemical could in fact reverse the affect of ageing in cells – this chemical is also found in dark chocolate and red wine, and allowed cells to look and divide like younger cells. As said by Dr Eva Latorre, University of Exeter:

“When I saw some of the cells in the culture dish rejuvenating I couldn’t believe it. These old cells were looking like young cells. It was like magic.”

Hopefully, this discovered phenomenon can be used to reduce the effect of declination in brain cells.

6. OTHER DISORDERS

New treatment this year to try and treat multiple sclerosis has included focusing on the effect of the immune system and trying to ‘reset’ the immune system. In terms of diabetes, it has been found that the chance of getting it could be reduced by increasing levels of vitamin D. Finally, research on preventing Alzheimer’s disease has seen some huge potential success. For example, scientists from UK and Switzerland universities have devised a vaccine that could prevent Alzheimer’s, and foods such as strawberries, extra-virgin olive oil and green tea have been scientifically proven to help fight against Alzheimer’s.

7. GENE EDITING

This year, “for the first time, scientists used gene editing to repair a disease-causing mutation in a human embryo: an experiment that was successful and hailed as a significant step forward in the prevention of inherited diseases.”

8. DEPRESSION

Talking therapy, cognitive therapy and medication have been found to be the best potential treatments for depression. Also, research from different places around the world has shown that doing 1 hour of exercise each week, doing yoga and choosing low-fat dairy products rather than full-fat can help to reduce the symptoms of depression.

Feeling blue

9. MARIJUANA

2017 research has shown quite a few positive impacts of marijuana, including preventing migraines, improving disorders such as schizophrenia and reducing seizures related to epilepsy. However, it has also been found that marijuana is worse for the heart than smoking cigarettes, causes an increased risk of psychosis and raises the risk of heart failure and stroke.

2017 has shown to be of huge significance in terms of medical research. I hope that by the time I do this summary again next year, we see even more improvements and potentially, cures and vaccines for everything I have talked about today. May I now take this time to wish all you reading this very long blog a very merry christmas and a happy, healthy and prosperous new year!

See you next year!

Rohini

Sources used:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320405.php

https://www.weightlossresources.co.uk/diet-plans/plan-my-diet.htm

https://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/default.htm

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/categories/fitness-obesity

https://www.health.harvard.edu/cancer/the-family-history-of-cancer

https://cosmosmagazine.com/biology/should-you-take-anti-ageing-supplements

https://www.retinalphysician.com/issues/2014/march-2014/the-uses-of-retinal-imaging-in-the-management-of-n

https://phys.org/news/2017-06-technique-enables-safer-gene-editing-therapy.html

https://financialtribune.com/articles/people/68058/scientists-may-have-discovered-depression-gene

https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana

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