Today, I’ve decided to write about something a little different to usual – I, for one, am fascinated by unique and unusual medical conditions. So, I’m going to share 5 of some of the strangest ones…
- AUTO-BREWERY SYNDROME
This rare condition actually causes people to experience intoxication and hangovers, without having even drank any alcohol. Another name for this syndrome is ‘gut fermentation’ syndrome, due to the fact that pure alcohol is produced in a person’s gut after eating foods that are high in carbohydrates. The yeast that causes this is called ‘Saccharomyces cerevisiae’, and usually doesn’t cause a person to become fully drunk, but get to the pleasant, tipsy stage. However, there have been cases where the syndrome can cause people’s liver to not function properly and allow the alcohol to accumulate and linger in the system, causing dizziness, hangovers, irritable bowel syndrome, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Treatments to this condition are: dietary changes (low carbohydrate and high protein content), taking antibiotics, or anti fungal therapies.
2. FOREIGN ACCENT SYNDROME
Foreign accent syndrome is a speech impediment, usually as a result of a stroke or traumatic brain injury, that causes a person to suddenly acquire a foreign accent. There are recorded accent changes going from Japanese to Korean, British English to French, American English to British English, and Spanish to Hungarian. It has been found out through research that this syndrome is more likely to be suffered by from women between the age range of 25-49 years. There is currently no cure.
3. FISH ODOR SYNDROME
This syndrome is due to a person emitting an unpleasant body odour that resembles the smell of a rotting fish due to a specific mutation of the FMO3 gene – this gene produces more of an enzyme that causes the body to break down organic compounds (e.g trimethylamine), thus releasing the unpleasant smell.. As it can probably already be insinuated, this syndrome can have a drastic fatal effect on a persons mental health, causing anxiety, loneliness, and a negative impact on academic performance.
4. FATAL FAMILIAL INSOMNIA
This is genetic degenerative brain disorder that causes a person to have an increasingly severe form of insomnia, leading to more and more significant physical and mental deterioration. It can cause severe problems to a person’s ability to move and feel as a too many proteins are accumulated in the thalamus (a region of the brain). Currently, there is no cure .
5. PROTEUS SYNDROME
This condition causes different types of tissues to grow disproportionately on the body – including the bones, skin, tissue of arteries, and tissue of organs, due to a mutation in the AKT1 gene in the womb. There are no visible signs of this syndrome at birth, but over time this condition gets progressively worse and can cause health problems such as intellectual disability, poor eyesight, seizures, noncancerous tumours, DVT, and abnormal formation of blood clots.
Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you liked it, feel free to leave a comment down below!