- Somewhere suitable to live
- A proper diet, including fresh water
- The ability to express normal behaviour
- Any need to be housed with, or apart from, other animals
- Protection from, and treatment of, illness and injury
This is a very important point of interest as I realised after reading in the Veterinary Times that the annual PDSA Animal Wellbeing Report has highlighted a worrying drop in welfare needs awareness. One of the key findings included only 7% of children having heard of these five welfare needs.
just a point of interest.
Vets need to be diverse individuals, using many different techniques throughout practice to assess conditions, make a diagnosis and consequently a course of action and prognosis.
When doing work experience, I have particularly noticed how vets can effectively put their olfactory organs to use by smelling their way through a problem.
Here are some uses to which a vet can put their nose:
- bad breath – indicates bad teeth and gums, possible gingivitis, can also suggest diseases such as kidney disease or diabetes
- anal glands – the pungent, fishy smell of anal glands is a clear indicator for when they need emptying
- infection – if a wound has a foul odour, it suggests a bacterial infection
- flatulence – excessive gas/wind can indicate intestinal problems
- skin condition – a poorly kept coat will begin to smell, this could be because of conditions such as seborrhoea or cheyletiella
- welfare – welfare issues could become apparent very quickly through the pungent smell of stale urine, suggesting a problem with care
Just a point of interest.
Scope – instrument for viewing and observing
Endoscopes: illuminated tubular instrument for visualising hollow organs, often with a channel to pass instruments through.
- Encephaloscope – cavities in the brain
- Laryngoscope – the larynx
- Esophagoscope – the inside of the oesophagus
- Angioscope – the blood vessels
- Nephroscope – the kidneys
- Arthroscope – the interior of a joint
- Rhinoscope – for nasal examinations
- Bronchoscope – the interior of the bronchi
- Gastroscope – the interior of the stomach
- Laparoscope – the peritoneal cavity (the abdomen)
- Amnioscope – the foetus through the cervical canal before the membrane is broken
- Cystoscope – the urinary tract
- Hysteroscope – the canal of the uterine cervix and the uterine cavity
Anoscope – anal canal
Colposcope – magnifies vagina and cervix
Otoscope – auditory canal and ear drum
Ophthalmoscope – interior of the eye
Microscope – making enlarged images of minute objects
Stethoscope – listening to sounds made in the body
To name just but a few!