How to Care for Your Plants When They Go Dormant in Winter

Now that winter’s in full swing, you might notice your houseplants taking a bit of a lackluster turn. Not only have they seemingly stopped growing, but you could also see leaves die, too, or even fall off. The good news? That’s totally normal. And it doesn’t mean your plants are dying, either. It just means they’ve gone dormant for winter. Think of it as hibernation, but for your leafy green friends.

If you’re still worried about your plants, we’ve got you covered. Joyce Mast, Bloomscape’s resident plant expert (her official title is “Plant Mom”) tells House Beautiful all about plant dormancy and what to expect.

“At this time, the plant is resting,” Mast says. “This is important to their survival, in order to regrow each year.”

Dormancy is a period of rest, that, as Mast explains, starts in the fall when your plants sense the days becoming shorter thanks to the accompanying reduced light levels. “Once a plant is dormant, foliage growth may slow down, and in some cases, a few leaves may fall off, but the roots will continue to grow and thrive.”

Is Your Plant Dormant, or Actually Dying?

According to Mast, there are three easy tests you can do to check if your plant is in its rest period, or if it’s actually in need of some extra TLC.

The Snap Test
“Select the end of a branch or stem the size of a pencil,” Mast instructs. “Then, hold the branch and bend it sharply back on itself.” If it’s dead, the stem will snap without much effort, and the inside will look dry. If it’s alive, it’ll bend easily, and when the stem ultimately splits open, you’ll see moist wood inside.

The Scratch Test
Another common method is using a knife or your fingernail to scratch the bark on a young stem. “If you see green, it’s alive,” she notes. “If it’s brown, work your way down the stem to see if there’s green further down by the soil, as the plant may show signs of life as you near the roots.” In this case, you’ll want to cut off the dead stems about an inch or two above that growth.

Root Inspection
“Even if the plant is looking dead above the soil line, a dormant plant will have healthy roots,” Mast says. If both the snap test and the scratch test don’t help you determine anything, try removing the plant from the pot and checking to see if the roots look healthy or if they’re completely rotten or shriveled up.

So, Do Dormant Plants Need Special Care?

You should reassess your plant care routine come winter, whether your plants appear to be dormant or not. “During the winter, tropical indoor plants are at the mercy of drafty windows, drying furnaces, and colder temperatures in general,” Mast says. But with a little help from these dos and don’ts, your plants will make it through.

Do Cut Back on Watering
As their growth rate slows down, Mast notes that most plants actually need less water in the winter, since overwatering can lead to root rot. But that doesn’t mean you should ignore your plants, either. “I always suggest pushing your finger about two inches down into the soil and only water if it feels dry,” she says. “When you do water, be sure to water thoroughly. The roots need the water.” Of course, different plants have their own individual preferences when the seasons change, so it’s worth it to do your research.

Don’t Let Dryness Take Over
“Humidity is key,” Mast says. “Most plants are sensitive to dry air, so your plants will appreciate extra humidity during the winter months when many homes turn dry due to heaters and fireplaces.”

There are a few easy ways you can keep your plants humid and happy, though. First thing’s first: Group your plants together. “It creates a micro-climate, since plants naturally transpire by expelling water from their leaves,” Mast explains. Some other tips? Use a humidifier near your plants, or leave a tray of water out nearby to add more moisture to the air. You can also mist your plants, but Mast notes that you need to be consistent and do it often.

Do Keep Them Away From Drafts
If your plants are by the window, you may need to move them to avoid any drafts and to keep them away from cold window panes, to protect them from getting too chilly. On the flip side, you don’t want your plants to overheat, either. You want your plants to stay in an environment that’s around 65 to 75 degrees and no lower than 50 degrees at night. “Just be conscious of where your plants are sitting,” Mast advises.

Don’t Fertilize Your Plants
If winter boredom has set in and you think now’s a good time to finally fertilize your plants, you should hold off. “There really isn’t a reason to fertilize your plants during the winter months because they are in a resting phase,” Mast says. “At this time, plant food can do more harm than good, because they will not use up the food and it will upset the natural growth cycle of the plant.”

Do Dust Your Plants
“Plants need dusting too!” Mast says, so be sure to keep your plant clean and dust-free. Why? Your plants are more prone to getting dusty during dormancy, and thanks to lower humidity levels as well, they basically become a perfect breeding ground for spider mites, insects, and other pests. They like to hide out in dusty leaves, and it’ll be much harder for you to notice them, too. “Wipe your plants’ leaves regularly with a damp cloth and be sure to remove any dead or yellowing leaves with a pair of clean, sharp scissors,” Mast advises.

Retailers fight back against repeat returners

I have always been a serial returner: I order clothes, try them on and send them back. I am not alone. Now stores, which have attracted consumers with generous pledges of free delivery and returns, have begun to tighten their policies.

According to research for Barclaycard, 20% of retailers surveyed have implemented stricter returns policies over the past year. A further 19% plan to do so in the next year. Almost a third said that customers are returning items they have worn. (Incidentally, I always return mine unworn.) This is not so much shopping as a free loan for Instagram’s #outfitoftheday. The trade term for this is “wardrobing”.

The retailers’ resistance includes penalising customers for returning goods late, without original packaging or in used condition, with those aged between 25 and 34 most likely to be sanctioned. Some shops issue warning emails to repeat offenders. The online-shopping death penalty is account deactivation. Asos blacklists.

So why are serial returners a growing consumer group? Charlotte Monk-Chipman is the marketing director of ReBound Returns, a company returns for retailers. Asos, Boden and Mango are among its clients. “Someone who buys a lot and returns a lot is not necessarily a bad shopper,” she says. “There are different types of returnerpersonas.”

I’d like to know if one of them is the type who can’t get out to the shops because they have kids and a job but still likes to try things on. Monk-Chipman says the serial returner is sometimes the most profitable shopper, and that sensible stores are not making their returns stricter, only smarter. They are “cracking down on fraudulent behaviour”, not the indecisive or time-poor. Genuine returns, she says, “are a real opportunity, not a problem” for retailers, because they allow businesses to capture vast amounts of data about the fit, quality and styling of a product.

And as consumers become more conscious of the environmental impact of shopping (46% of respondents to the Barclaycard research identified with this category), serial returns will surely reduce. I have barely bought, let alone returned, anything for several months, and I am not missing all those trips to the drop-off point.

The Vogue Verdict

Following three weeks of couture-influenced shows in New York, London and Milan, the biggest surprise of the autumn/winter 2019 season was the message in Paris: clarification, simplification, and purification. “I think a dress has to be wearable. Otherwise it’s a piece of art you can put on your wall. You have to make creative pieces for real life. If I buy something it’s because I want to use it every day,” Maria Grazia Chiuri said of her Christian Dior show, which interpreted the codes of the house in contemporary and practical manifestations that felt decidedly shopping focused. “If you are a brand with such a huge history, you have to maintain the codes. But the brand has to be contemporary, so I think about maintaining time. I don’t think a brand like Dior has to be so close to the idea of seasonal. You don’t buy a piece for one season only.” It’s widely acknowledged that Chiuri’s collections – of a more accessible nature than past creative directors’ – have increased sales at the house. That watchful eye of retail and revenue continued to hover over the Paris shows.

“This house has a such a long story but my job is to modernise it make it appealing to the customer we have today. That was the exercise,” Demna Gvasalia said after a 109-exit Balenciaga show that appealed to every corner of his potential customer base, based as it was on the social classes of Paris. Underlining the shopping-focussed mentality, models on the runway carried Balenciaga carrier bags and quilted handbags that resembled nets familiar to grocery shoppers. “It’s for people who actually love fashion and go shopping. That’s what I do,” Gvasalia shrugged. “I thought it was real. When I walk down the street in Paris now – which is rare – that’s what I see.” The Balenciaga show sometimes bordered on the reduced to a degree of irreverence, at least in the context of a runway collection. But if you came to see the couture shapes and Parisian pizzazz that prevailed elsewhere in the fashion landscape, Gvasalia provided for that, too.

At Maison Margiela, John Galliano had been thinking about the impact of the excess that surrounds us in the digital age. “We are overwhelmed with so much imagery that you almost want to regurgitate,” he said, in podcast for his haute couture collection, in January. “But perhaps inverted excess could lead to something a little more minimal?” Three weeks on, Galliano presented just that: a ready-to-wear collection that reduced the techniques and codes he’s been developing at Maison Margiela over the past five years to a succinct core that made you want to buy each and every of those coats and suits straight off the runway.

In self-penned show notes, Andreas Kronthaler wrote about “reducing the product to its essence”. In short: “I’ve just made the necessary things. In the showroom, too,” he explained. His eponymous collection for Vivienne Westwood strived to repurpose the very way in which the manufacturing process works, using the many sample cloths factories make for the industry. “One tends to throw things around and be a bit unsure, but this time I had to be careful not to waste anything and not make anything I didn’t need,” Krontahler said.

While he was the only designer – apart from Stella McCartney, who lays great claim to the territory – who mentioned sustainability as the reason for Paris’ newfound sense of reduction, it went hand-in-hand with the idea of building a wardrobe not so driven by disposable trends. It was reflected in the sophomore collection of Hedi Slimane at Celine. While, for the last six months, the designer let the congregated fashion industry believe he was going to turn Celine into a continuation of the codes and silhouettes he built at Saint Laurent, it turns out he was biding his time for the plot twist in chapter two: the observance not of Phoebe Philo’s opus at the house but of the original Celine archive that inspired Philo in the first place. With its faint air of the 1970s, its masculine outerwear, bourgeois heritage culotte suits, French country dresses, and bohemian ponchos and teddy bear coats, it had a distinct echo of the elegantly pragmatic wardrobe so called for in fashion at the moment.

The wardrobe Philo created at Céline was often referred to as comprising “intelligent” clothes. Since her departure, designers have seemed keen to take the reins of her sophisticated, handsome form of glamour, something that was clear in critically applauded shows from Paco Rabanne and Chloé to Loewe. It also appeared at Lanvin, where Bruno Salielli – a former Loewe and Rabanne designer – had his debut, presenting a collection that fell into the arty and eclectic corner of fashion exemplified by the Loewe he came from. In its patchwork of nomadic and folkloric elegance – a richness of fabrication, surface decoration and peculiar cuts and layering – it looked like Loewe: a little bit rooted in art, in pseudo-intellectualism and of course “the traveller”. The look was part well-to-do gallerist and part eccentric librarian. But Paris wasn’t without its glamorous moments.

This season’s must-haves crops

While shorts have been a summer essential for decades (it’s safe to say denim cut-offs will never go out of style), they don’t tend to get much attention on the catwalks, where glittering gowns, edgy tailoring and statement prints usually hog the limelight.

That all changed at the spring shows, however, when some of the biggest names in the fashion world – we’re talking Louis Vuitton, Saint Laurent and Chloe, no less – turned their attention to the leg-baring garment once more.

That doesn’t mean you can just grab your Daisy Dukes and consider yourself on-trend, though. Shorts SS18-style come in two distinct flavours – and one of them is, a little challenging, to say the least.

These are the major shorts trends of the season, and where to get them on the high street.

Sporty shorts

Sometimes, street style trends end up on the catwalks (rather than the other way round), which is what’s happened in the case of sporty shorts.

Initially part of the athleisure boom, stretchy tube shorts, as favoured by Kim and the rest of the Kardashian clan, were adopted this season by the likes of Nina Ricci, Chloe and Off White.

Obviously, encasing your thighs in skintight fabric isn’t for everyone – and the thought of pairing said shorts with a crop top, a la Kim and co, might be a no-go for you, but there is a less terrifying way to try the sporty shorts look.

Skinny denim cut-offs are distinctly more forgiving than Lycra, or you could pair bike shorts with a belted longline blazer for a high-low fashion mix that’s totally on-trend.

City shorts

Loose, high-waisted shorts were seen at Louis Vuitton (silky and boxer style), Saint Laurent (paired with high heels for evening) and Isabel Marant (with boho embellishment).

Depending on the fabric and how tailored they are, city shorts work for day or night.

A linen pair with a tie waist is great for weekend mooching or holiday exploring, while smart shorts with front pleats can be dressed up with a blouse and sandals.