An Amazing Case of Self-Surgery (pt 3)

M. Clever Maldigny was a military surgeon who underwent 5 operations by the age of 27 in order to remove his kidney stones. However, all of the operations caused long-lasting complications, so he decided to remove his sixth stone by himself.

He opened himself up using a mirror and the scars from the previous procedure – the self-surgery ended up being successful and, as said by his friends, “was as tranquil and cheerful as if he had never been a sufferer”.

A few years later, he had a seventh stone appear, however he didn’t take this one out himself. He rather opted for a minimally invasive surgery where the stone was crushed using a small hole.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed it, feel free to share and leave a comment down below!



Sources used:

An Amazing Case of Self-Surgery (pt 2)

This story is very impressive because the surgery wasn’t done by a medical professional, but by someone with no medical training.

In March 200 in an isolated Mexican village, a woman was carrying her ninth child. Previous to this pregnancy, she had lost a child in labour so she was determined not to lose another child.

When she was in labour for her 9th child, she was worried she was going to lose her child again due to many hours of the labour being very unproductive. So, she decided she was going to perform a C-section herself.

In order to do the surgery, she drank 3 strong alcoholic drinks to act as a kind of anaesthetic, used a kitchen knife to open up her abdomen and release the baby. She then asked for a local nurse who repositioned the woman’s intestines and sewed up the wound.

8 hours later, she reached her local hospital and recovered after 10 days, however she did need highly extensive treatment.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed it, feel free to share and leave a comment down below!



Sources used:

An Amazing Case of Self-Surgery (pt 1)

Today, i’m going to tell you about a Leonid Rogozov, a medical professional (surgeon) who was also a member of the 6th Soviet Antarctic expedition.

In 1960 several weeks into the expedition, he found that he started to suffer from some of the most common signs of appendicitis: he began to suffer from very bad nausea, weakness and extreme pain in the lower right abdomen. They were at the point of their expedition where returning to civilisation would leave it too late, so the only option Leonid had was to treat and operate on himself.

He wrote on his expedition:

“Still no obvious symptoms that perforation is imminent, but an oppressive feeling of foreboding hangs over me…This is it…I have to think through the only possible way out: to operate on myself…It’s almost impossible…but I can’t just fold my arms and give up.”

In order to perform the surgery, he asked three of his colleagues to help him. One of them held the mirror and adjusted the lamp, another gave him the surgical equipment, and the last person was present just incase one of the others fainted or became nauseous – they were also taught how to revive Leonid incase using adrenaline in case he became unconsciousness.

The ‘surgery’ was done at 2a.m on May 1 1961 and although Leonid needed to take regular breaks due to becoming too weak, his self-surgery was successful and after two weeks, he fully recovered and was back to full health.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed it, feel free to share and leave a comment down below!



Sources used:


Why Do Breasts Hurt Before a Period

Today I am going to be explaining why some women can get sore breasts before a period.

So, in a nutshell, the reason for sore beats before a period is due to a reduction of the sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone cause lymph nodes to swell.

It has also been found that there could potentially be a link between breast pain and the hormone prolactin – this hormone actually stimulated great milk production after women and if it is present in the body before this time (this can sometimes happen) it can cause changes in the breasts.

Some of the specific symptoms females suffer from regarding there breasts before their period include:

  • pain in one breast
  • pain in both breasts
  • pain radiating into the underarms
  • a sharp pain, or dull
  • swelling
  • intense pain in the nipple area

Other research has found that breast pain could also be due to these factors:

  • clogged milk duct in the breast
  • mastitis – a breast infection that can develop during breastfeeding
  • having large, heavy breasts
  • having previously undergone breast surgery
  • breast injury
  • water retention
  • using certain hormone therapy medications or medications like digitalis, diuretics etc.
  • having fibrocystic breast tissue – makes the breasts dense and lump – this is more painful around menstruation
  • in extreme cases, breast pain can indicate breast cancer

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!



Sources used:

Spine Surgery… In The Womb

“In a United Kingdom first, a team of specialists from University College London (UCL), University College London Hospitals (UCLH), and Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) performed surgeries on two different babies with spina bifida while they were still in their mothers’ wombs.”

The surgeries occurred during the summer being the first of its type, and it has been reported that both the mothers and babies are doing well. The surgery was only possible because the condition ‘spina bifida’  stops the spinal canal from closing completely in the womb. This means that the spinal cord is exposed from an early pregnancy stage. Trying to cure this condition after birth could lead to additional surgical interventions later in life, so tacking the problem as early as possible (aka pre birth) seems to be the best way forward.

Lead surgeon Ja Deprest had this to say:

“Operating in the womb involves opening the uterus, exposing the spina bifida without delivering the baby, closing the defect, and then repairing the uterus to leave the baby safely inside. Closure of spina bifida in the womb using this method is an alternative to postnatal surgery, and has been shown to improve short and medium-term outcomes. While neither intervention is fully curative, in fetal surgery, the defect is closed earlier, which prevents damage to the spinal cord in the last third of pregnancy.”

As this surgery has worked so well, the procedure will be available for free for the first few expectant mothers who need it – this is due to a generous amount of funding by many UK nonprofit organisations, particularly GOSH Children’s Charity and UCLH Charity. Hopefully as time goes on, many more ‘post birth’ surgeries will become available to expectant mothers and their babies/

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed it, feel free to share and leave a comment down below!



Sources used:

The Effect of Religion on the Brain

Religion has been believed by humans for as long as can be remember, but have you ever considered the effect religion has on the brain scientifically? Well, today you are going to find out.

I’ll start off by saying that the effect of religion on the brain is truly astonishing – people who have religious belief can benefit from an increased lifespan and better coping of disease. In fact, a religious experience can activate the same circuits / initiate the same enjoyment as sex and drugs.

As you probably would have expected (or maybe not), different religions actually have different effects on the brain. Christians and Buddhists have increased activity in the frontal lobes of the brain, but, other religious practices can have the opposite effect on the same brain areas. For example, Islamic prayer reduces the activity in the prefrontal cortex and the frontal lobes connected with it, as well as the activity in the parietal lobes.

The final topic I want to talk about is if it would be possible to create a ‘God’ on demand. The answer to this is very well put out by Medical News Today:

“This is not just a theoretical question because in the 1990s, Dr. Michael Persinger — the director of the Neuroscience Department at Laurentian University in Ontario, Canada — designed what came to be known as the “God Helmet.”

This is a device that is able to simulate religious experiences by stimulating an individual’s tempoparietal lobes using magnetic fields.

In Dr. Persinger’s experiments, about 20 religious people — which amounts to just 1 percent of the participants — reported feeling the presence of God or seeing him in the room when wearing the device. However, 80 percent of the participants felt a presence of some sort, which they were reluctant to call “God.””

So, I think its safe to say that its possible for people to believe they have found God just due to the passion, eagerness and devotion they have. Hopefully as people continue to research into this, we will find out just how far the human brain can go to find the presence of something spiritual.

Thank you for taking the time to read this weeks short blog, if you found it interesting feel free to comment down below!



Sources used:

Migraine Relief Tips

So during one of my A level exams, I suffered from my first ever migraine (bad timing, I know). So, I’m going to share some tips I found on providing relief during a migraine, just incase any of you reading ever find yourself in a similar situation.

1. Acupressure

This is the application of pressure to specific parts of the body, especially the pressure points.

2. Diet changes

Common food triggers for migraines include: processed foods, red wine, alcohol, chocolate and caffeine.

3. Essential oils

For example, lavender is commonly used as a remedy for stress, anxiety and headaches.

4. Ginger

The effectiveness of ginger powder has been compared to a common migraine drug known as sumatriptan. And whats more, ginger provides no side effects.

5. Stress managemenT

Stress is already known to be a common trigger for migraines , so managing stress using exercise / meditation etc can help to prevent migraines in the future.

6. Yoga or stretching

Yoga improves blood flow and reduces muscle tension, hence reducing the symptoms of migraines.

7. Biofeedback therapy

This is a therapy that involves relaxing tight muscles that might be triggering migraine pain.

8. Acupuncture

Studies have shown that acupuncture might be able to help reduce migraine pain, although this must be don’t by a licensed practitioner.

9. Massage

This can again relieve muscle tension and reduce stress.

10. Herbal supplements

Two of the most helpful ones found are butterbur and feverfew. However, there can be risks with using these and people should talk to their doctor first before using them.

11. Magnesium

Deficiency of this can trigger visual disturbance, that occurs at the onset of a migraine.

12. B-complex vitamins

These have been found to reduce migraine frequency and severity.

13. Stay hydrated

Dehydration is a well known migraine and headache trigger.

14. Rest

Getting 7-9 hours of sleep can reduce stress, which can then prevent migraines.

15. Compresses

Placing a cold or warm compress on the head can be an effective way to sooth migraine pain.





Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you found it informative, feel free to share this blog and comment down below!



Sources used:


Chemical Pregnancy

A Chemical Pregnancy is a pregnancy that typically ends in the first few weeks after an initially positive pregnancy test. A woman’s hCG levels rise enough to produce a positive test initially, but the pregnancy does not continue, and the levels fall soon after.

The clearest indication of Chemical Pregnancy is a positive result on a pregnancy test followed by a negative result, and research has actually shows that up to 25% of pregnancies result in a miscarriage before the woman has missed her period or had any pregnancy symptoms. Fortunately however, a Chemical Pregnancy does not usually need medical intervention or treatment from a doctor.

Signs and symptoms:

  • mild spotting a week before an expected period
  • mild abdominal cramping
  • vaginal bleeding close to the time of an expected period


  • chromosomal abnormalities preventing fetal development
  • advanced maternal age
  • insufficient hormone levels (especially of progesterone)
  • low BMI
  • uterine abnormalities (irregularities in the uterine lining prevents the embryo from implanting in the uterus)

With regards to how soon a woman can get pregnant after an early pregnancy loss, doctors have said that it is possible to ovulate and become pregnant as soon as 2 weeks after an early pregnancy loss. You may think that having been through a Chemical Pregnancy will make it harder to get pregnant again in the future, but it is actually the opposite. A chemical pregnancy means that an embryo reached the preimplantation phase of development. This is a positive sign that a woman could get pregnant in the future.

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you found it interesting, feel free to share and comment below!



Sources used:

The 16:8 Fasting Diet Method

The 16:8 diet is a form of intermittent fasting that has proven to be a fast and effective way to lose weight. Studies have shown that the 16:8 diet is the most effect out of all intermittent fasting methods and is able to reduce obesity and high blood pressure.

In daily fasting, or the 16:8 diet, people eat whatever they like for 8 hours and fast for the remaining 16. On average, when compared with the control trial, those on the 16:8 diet consumed 350 fewer calories, lost 3 percent of their weight, and had lower blood pressure.

This is what the researchers had to say about the discovery:

“The take-home message from this study is that there are options for weight loss that do not include calorie counting or eliminating certain foods. The 16:8 diet is another tool for weight loss that we now have preliminary scientific evidence to support. When it comes to weight loss, people need to find what works for them because even small amounts of success can lead to improvements in metabolic health.”

Thank you for reading this weeks blog, I hoped you enjoyed it.



Sources used:

Why is Intermittent Fasting Effective?

The Top 11 Most Bizarre Scientific Discoveries

In todays blog, I’m going to talk about the most unusual scientific discoveries that have been made.

  • the chinstrap and Adélie penguin species are thought to expel watery poop at about 10 kilopascals (kPa), and oily poop at about 60 kPa.
  • women who take birth control pills blink more often than women who do not.
  • one time, a man’s persistent hiccups were cured by performing a digital rectal massage
  • 5% of lawnmower injuries (around 70000 injuries happen per year in the US) affect the eyes. In addition, 75 people were killed each year by mowers, and that 1 out of every 5 deaths involved a child.
  • Our brain perceives blue pills to be sedatives, red and orange pills to be stimulants, yellow pills to be antidepressants, and brightly coloured pills to be stronger
  • viagra cures jet lag in hamsters
  • dogs can detect the earths magnetic field
  • Moments after a wild female chimpanzee gave birth, a male chimp stole her infant and cannibalized it. This disturbing event may help explain why many female chimps temporarily leave the group when they’re about to give birth, giving themselves a type of “maternity leave.”
  • when humans learn, the brain grows new cells and quickly kills some of them
  • “It turns out that parallel universes exist, at least according to the results of this freaky experiment/discovery. Quantum physicists at UCSB placed a tiny “paddle” that was the width of a human hair into a vacuum which was created in a jar. They then “plucked” the paddle and it vibrated and stood still AT THE SAME TIME. Essentially, that means something may exist in two states (or two universes) at once, opening the door for not only multiple versions of ourselves, but also the possibility of time travel.”
  • ASMR causes the brain to orgasm

Thank you for reading this weeks blog. If you enjoyed the read, feel free to leave a comment down below!



Sources used: